(in order of appearance)
Chair: Martin Albrow
Professor Martin Albrow FAcSS. In a career in sociology spanning over 50 years, Martin Albrow, PhD (University of Cambridge), held the Chair in Sociological Theory in the University of Wales in Cardiff before becoming Professor Emeritus in 1989. Since then, he has held visiting positions in numerous institutions, including the Eric Voegelin chair in Munich, and chairs in the London School of Economics, State University of New York, Stonybrook, and the Beijing Foreign Studies University. He has been Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington DC, and the Käte Hamburger Center for Advanced Studies ‘Law as Culture’, Bonn University. He is now based in London where he is Honorary Vice-President of the British Sociological Association, and Honorary President of Global China Institute. In the past he has been President of the British Sociological Association, Editor of the journal Sociology and founding Editor of International Sociology, the journal of the International Sociological Association. His first visit to China was in 1987 on an observational tour with the State Family Planning Commission and in recent years he has contributed to the annual Symposium on China Studies with the Academy of Social Sciences and the Ministry of Culture of the PRC. His specialties include social theory, organization theory and Max Weber’s thought, and he is internationally known for his pioneering work on globalization. His The Global Age: State and Society beyond Modernity (1996) won the European Amalfi Prize in 1997. Other books include Bureaucracy (1970), Max Weber’s Construction of Social Theory (1990), Globalization, Knowledge and Society (1990, ed. with E. King), the first book with the keyword ‘globalization’ in title (book reviewed by Roland Robertson, Contemporary Sociology, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan. 1992), Do Organizations Have Feelings? (1997), Sociology: The Basics (1999), Global Civil Society (co-editor) in 2006/7, 2007/8 and 2011, Global Age Essays on Social and Cultural Change (2014), and China’s Role in a Shared Human Future: Towards Theory for Global Leadership (2018).
Greetings: MA Hui, Anthony Giddens
Mr MA Hui, Minister of the Chinese Embassy to the UK since February 2017. He previously served as Director-General for North American and European Affairs of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (IDCPC).
Professor Lord Anthony Giddens, renowned contemporary sociologist, Emeritus Professor at the Department of Sociology, and former Director of LSE. He is also a Life Fellow of King’s College, University of Cambridge. Giddens’s impact upon politics has been profound. His advice has been sought by political leaders from Asia, Latin America and Australia, as well as from the US and Europe. He has published extensively, including Turbulent and Mighty Continent: What Future for Europe? (2014), In Defence of Sociology (2013), The Politics of Climate Change (2011), Europe in the Global Age (2007), The New Egalitarianism (2005), The Third Way and its Critics (2000), Runaway World: How Globalization Is Reshaping Our Lives (1999), and Politics, Sociology and Social Theory: Encounters with Classical and Contemporary Social Thought (1995). His books have been translated into some 40 languages .
Keynote speakers: Mary Kaldor and XIE Lizhong
Professor Mary Kaldor CBE, Director of the Conflict and Civil Society Research Unit, Department of International Development, LSE. She also directs the unit’s largest research project, the Conflict Research Programme (CRP), an international DFID-funded partnership investigating public authority, through a theoretical lens of the political marketplace and the concept of civicness, across a range of countries in Africa and the Middle East. Professor Kaldor is highly regarded for her innovative work on democratization, conflict, and globalization. She was a founding member of European Nuclear Disarmament (END), a founder and Co-Chair of the Helsinki Citizen's Assembly and a member of the International Independent Commission to investigate the Kosovo Crisis, established by the Swedish Prime Minister. Professor Kaldor pioneered the concept of new wars and global civil society and her work on the practical implementation of human security has directly influenced European and national politics. Her books include Global Security Cultures (2018), The Baroque Arsenal, New and Old Wars: Organised Violence in a Global Era (2012), Global Civil Society: An Answer to War (2003), Human Security: Reflections on Globalization and Intervention (2007) and Global Civil Society: An Answer to War (2003). She is also the editor and co-author of the annual Global Civil Society Yearbook. Her most recent book International Law and New Wars, co-authored with Professor Christine Chinkin, was published in May 2017. At the request of Javier Solana, she was Convener for the Study Group on European Security Capabilities, which produced the influential Barcelona report, 'A Human Security Doctrine for Europe'. Professor Kaldor has been awarded Honorary Professorships at the University of Sussex and Corvinus University, Budapest, and holds the 2015 Ludvig Quidde Award for academic achievement in the field of peace.
Topic: The Case for Human Security
Abstract: The speech will outline the changing nature of political violence and how it is both global and local, public and private, and involves both conflict and collusion among armed actors. It will make the case for a human security approach, understood through extension of a rights based global rule of law.
Professor XIE Lizhong is Director of the Centre for Social Theory Studies, Peking University; former Vice-President of China Sociological Association, former President of the division of Theoretical Sociology of China Sociological Association; Vice President of East Asia Sociological Association; Chief Editor of Journal of Social Theory. He is also the Chinese President of Global China Institute. His research interests focus on social theory, the study of social development and modernization and social policy. His major publications include Pluralistic Discourse Analysis: A New Approach of Social Research (2019), The Discursive Construction of Social Reality: Analyzing the New Deal for Example (2012), Social Development: Theory, Evaluation, Policy (2012), Towards a Pluralistic Discourse Analysis: The Implications of Postmodernism Theory for Sociology (2009), Social Theory: Reflection and Reconstruction (2006), An Introduction to the Changes of the Contemporary Society in China (2000), The Duality of Social Development (1988), and other publications including nearly 100 journal articles.
Topic: Community of Shared Future for Mankind: The Road towards World Peace
Abstract: Since the beginning of mankind, mankind has been constantly confronted with various conflicts arising from ideas or interests. War has always been one of the most important means for people to resolve these conflicts. What has the same long history as war is the yearning for peace. In our era of globalization, many local wars in certain areas have global consequences. The establishment of world peace, although already clearly articulated by Kant, should be the goal of action that all peoples must pursue urgently in our time. But how can we achieve this goal? This speech will discuss the following issues: 1. the limitations of existing solutions; 2. the community of shared future for mankind: the ideal way to resolve disputes; 3. integration and diversification: the dialectic of internal relations within a heterogeneous community.
Chair and discussant: Hakan Seckinelgin
Dr Hakan Seckinelgin, Associate Professor, Department of Social Policy, LSE; Editor in Chief of Journal of Civil Society. As a political theorist, Dr Seckinelgin has developed a multidisciplinary research programme by combining theoretical work with empirical studies. He is not willing to restrict the search for answers to limited disciplinary perspectives, because people do not live lives that are compartmentalized according to disciplinary concerns. His work focuses on both the epistemology and the politics of international social policy by engaging with people’s lives in different contexts. He is particularly interested in understanding how we think about policy processes by first thinking about the problems as they are experienced in the everyday lives of those who are supposed to benefit from the policies targeting them. He is interested in analysing the ways in which different contexts (different ideological, social, political and cultural levels) create the conditions for policy development and how these lead to a variety of implications for people and their experiences of equalities, inequalities and their participation in their communities. More thematically, he works: on HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa considering the development, implementation and implications of international AIDS policies; on the nature of knowledge and evidence used by global policy actors; on the contextual determinants of policy-relevant knowledge; on sexualities and LGBT activism in different contexts; and theories and politics of civil society. His work provides an epistemological shift in thinking about policy processes and their outcomes from the perspective of people’s experiences. This approach aims to valorise experience-based knowledge as part of our assessments of needs, policies and policy implementations.
Speakers: Iavor Rangelov, LI Junfu, Xiaobai Shen and Olaf Corry
Dr Iavor Rangelov is Assistant Professorial Research Fellow at the Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit in the Department of International Development, London School of Economics and Political Science. He is Chairman of the Executive Board of the Humanitarian Law Center in Belgrade and Co-Chair of the London Transitional Justice Network. Iavor’s main research interests are in the areas of human rights and security, transitional justice, and civil society. His current research examines the shifting resource base of civil society in the context of closing civic space globally, with a focus on new forms of activism, philanthropy and technology. He is also involved in the Syria research stream of the Conflict Research Programme at LSE, focusing on war crimes documentation and transitional justice. He is the author of Nationalism and the Rule of Law: Lessons from the Balkans and Beyond (CUP 2014) and co-editor of The Handbook of Global Security Policy (Wiley 2014, with M. Kaldor).
Topic: Peacemaking and Justice-seeking: Competing or Complementary Goals?
Abstract: This contribution will discuss the ways in which efforts to promote accountability and justice interact with mediation and peacemaking initiatives in contemporary conflicts, drawing attention to current debates among scholars and policymakers and considering the extent to which peace and justice could be seen as competing or complementary goals. .
Professor LI Junfu is Deputy Head of the Department of Sociology, College of Social Sciences, Beijing University of Technology. Executive councillor of the Chinese Association of Work and Labor Studies of Chinese Sociological Association, member of Committee on Social Geography of Chinese Sociological Association and member of Committee on City Governance of Chinese Society for Urban Studies. External member of China Research Group of Nottingham University Business School, visiting fellow based at China Centre, Oxford University. His research interests include housing policy of urban China; social class and urban spaces; social inclusion and exclusion of rural-urban migrants in China; and new dynamics for the integration of rural migrant workers in urban China. He has been awarded the first class prizes for excellent scientific achievements by the Ministry of Education of China, and the first class prize for scientific achievements by Beijing Philosophy and Social Sciences. His main work includes 'A Study on Intergenerational Differences of Migrant Workers’ Preference of Location in House Purchasing or Building’, Journal of East China Normal University Social Sciences (2018); Housing Changes and Housing Policy in Beijing (2017); Population, Social Class and Spatial Structure (2017); Social Space Differentiation and Segregation in Beijing: Based on Social Stratum (2016).
Topic: Society Building: Peacemaking with Chinese Characteristics
Abstract: Society building is a social action in which the social subject actively seeks to solve social problems and promotes social development according to the law of social development. In the past 40 years, China has taken society building as an important task for Chinese modernization and actively solving China's social problems, maintaining social stability and peace, and creating a stable foundation for China's all-round economic and social development. China's experience could be valuable for solving the unrests and conflicts in Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and South America.
Dr Yan Wu, Senior Lecturer in Media and Communication Studies, Swansea University. Her research interests centre on the social impacts of media and communication in China with a focus on digital media and communication technologies. Her publications appear in journals such as New Media and Society; Global Media and China ; International Journal of Digital Television, Modern Communication (现代传播) and as book chapters in Media and Public Sphere (2007), Climate Change and Mass Media (2008), and Migration and the Media (2012). Dr Matthew Wall is an Associate Professor in Political Science in Department of Political and Cultural Studies at Swansea University. His research interests lie at the intersection of new media and politics, and he has co-authored articles on this theme in: The British Journal of Political Science, Public Opinion Quarterly, Electoral Studies, Party Politics, Parliamentary Affairs, the Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties, Information Polity, and the Journal of Information Technology and Politics.
Title: How the dominance of Guanxi on WeChat inhibits and constrain China’s contentious politics?
Abstract: Being China’s most popular mobile instant messaging application, WeChat boasts more than 1.1 billion monthly active users in the first quarter of 2019. This speech is based on our two journal papers about WeChat published in 2019. In these papers, we investigated how WeChat is affecting citizen journalism and how the dominance of guanxi on WeChat inhibit contentious politics. Instead of repeating the dominant discourse of how internet censorship and online nationalism function as controlling mechanism in China, we offer a socio-cultural perspective in understanding how the app architecture combined with cultural norms of guanxi constrains political contention. Social connections among WeChat users appear particularly powerful in connecting individuals affected by ‘Interest-oriented’ (instead of value-oriented) issues often focus on the material well-being of participants and target geographically-localized antagonists - thus posing little substantive or ideological threat to the broader political system (He and Su 2018). Indeed, the increasingly instrumental nature of guanxi means that the facilitation is focused almost exclusively on the ends pursued by individuals and small groups in day-to-day life – resulting in limited, ‘safe’ or state-approved topics for contentious behaviours. Meanwhile, the increasing incorporation of WeChat into the e-government infrastructure of China (CNNIC 2017; 2018) further harnesses the public opinion, taming WeChat as a tool for monitoring public opinion in the similar manner as television investigative journalism did before.
Dr Olaf Corry is Associate Professor of International Relations at the Department of Politics, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Currently Visiting Scholar at The Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, University of Copenhagen. His research interests include the international politics of climate change, global governance and environmental movements. He has published on climate politics and geoengineering, the politics of risk and international theory, including Constructing a Global Polity: Theory, Discourse and Governance (2013), Constructing a Global Polity (2006).
Topic: Civic Protests and the Risks of Declaring Something a ‘Security’ Issue
Abstract: When is something a security problem? The question might seem obvious – after all security is a basic necessity, often said to be the first responsibility of a government to its people. But at the same time, there is often much debate about what is and what isn’t a ‘security’ problem. This talk will discuss matters, such as is it a security problem for the UK that there are protesters willing to defy the law and be arrested? Is the far right a security threat. Is climate change a security problem? One answer given to this – particularly one often given in Copenhagen – is that ‘security’ could be seen not as a condition ‘out there’ as such – but as a special political category that issues can be put into – or taken out of. Traditionally the state has been the arbiter of what is a ‘security’ threat - and states claimed a monopoly on dealing with them. But many things - like a foreign state but also a terrorist, a social protest, pandemics, climate change etc. – can be put into a special category called ‘security’ – or taken out again: we can securitize or de-securitize them.
Chair and discussant: Patricia Walker Allmond
Mrs Patricia Walker Allmond, Non-Executive President of International Association of Cultural & Creative Industries (IACCI), Established senior adviser across five continents and over 40 countries to government, industry and academia. Former Professor and Founder of Annual Masters Edutour Cultural Creative Industries (CCI) business programme to Peking university with cutting edge Chinese companies; set up the first CCI symposium for London; "East meets West" at the House of Lords; Anglo Sino Entrepreneurship Global Challenge. She has over 30 year experience with China. Her current focus with China is BRI, Silk Rd., CCIs and Healthy Cities, Economic Cultural interventions. She is co-editor of Understanding China, China Cultural and Creative Industries Reports (2013) and Pop Ups, Cultural and Creative Industries (2013).
Speakers: Nathan W. Hill, Guo Dan, Harish Kohli and Martin Mills
Dr Nathan W. Hill, Senior Lecturer, Former Head of the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, SOAS, University of London. He was educated at the Catlin Gabel School and Harvard University. He has also studied for shorter periods in France, Nepal, Tibet and Japan. He came to SOAS in 2008 after teaching at Harvard University and Universität Tübingen. At SOAS he teaches courses in historical linguistics as well as Tibetan language and history. He convenes Tibetan Studies at SOAS. Nathan is able to supervise PhD projects on Tibetan literature and history in the Department of China & Inner Asia, as well as PhD projects on historical, descriptive and corpus linguistics, in particular with reference to Tibetan or other Tibeto-Burman/Sino-Tibetan languages, in the Department of Linguistics. He is author of The Historical Phonology of Tibetan, Burmese, and Chinese (2019), A Lexicon of Tibetan Verb Stems as Reported by the Grammatical Tradition (2010), Old Tibetan Inscriptions (2009), and has published more than 50 journal articles and nearly 100 different kinds of publications.
Topic: Language Diversity, Ethnic Identity, and Nation Building: Approach in the Himalayas
Abstract: The Himalayan region contains hundreds of distinct languages. Although state policy usually assumes that each ethnic group has one language, in China, Nepal and India there is very little overlap between state-recognized ethnic categories and communities of speakers. For example, the Tibetans in China speak Gyalrong, Manegacha, Gochang, etc., in addition to the dialects of Tibetan itself, and the Rai people of Nepal speak circa 20 distinct languages. What are the policy implications of this mismatch between administrative and lived realities? How do approaches to linguistic diversity differ in these three countries? What is the outlook in terms of inter-ethnic harmony and the well-being of speaker communities of current policies? These questions will be explored in this paper.
Professor Guo Dan, Former Director of Institute of Political Science, Sichuan Academy of Social Sciences. Deputy General Secretary, Chinese Association of Political Science, China. As a leader of academic and technological studies in Sichuan Province he is also Deputy Director of the Sichuan Research Center on Taiwan Issues, Sichuan Research Center on Clean Government and Sichuan Research Center on Deliberate Democracy. He has been participating in important field investigations and writing policy proposals for the government as adviser to the Policy Research Center in Sichuan Province. In 2005, Prof. Guo was invited by the US Department of State to visit America. He has also visited Britain, Russia, Poland, Greece, Japan, Mexico and other countries as a visiting scholar. His research mainly focuses on contemporary Chinese political development and local governance. He has also been engaging in long-term research on Taiwan issues and cross-strait relations and visited Taiwan many times for academic exchange. His publications include Sichuanese in Taiwan (2015), The History of Overseas Migrants from Sichuan (2014), Save the Day: How to Deal with Emergency (2003), New Development of Socialist Democratic Politics (2001), The Threshold of the Century: Challenges China Confronts in the 21st Century (2000), The Saints in a Secular World: System of Buddhist Divinities (1992) and dozens of journal articles.
Topic: Visions and Challenges: The Belt and Road Initiative’s Influence on Countries along the Southwestern Boundaries and Taiwan
Abstract: One of the significance aspects of the Belt and Road Initiative (B&R) is to create an innovative pattern of international cooperation within a new regional development idea. China places much emphasis on this initiative, for it is an important attempt to participate in the construction of an international order, a significant measure to prompt global governance and necessary efforts for advocating an Asian-Pacific community of common interest, responsibility and destiny. This report aims to analyse the new diplomatic situation which B&R’s implementation opens up through trans-regional allocation of resources, as well as its influence on buffering boundaries’ strategic pressure to construct a new regional order. The report is mainly focused on the following aspects: first, Southeast Asian and South Asian countries’ attitude towards B&R and their relevant reactions; second, the status quo of relations between China and these related countries and the prospect of multilateral cooperation within the framework of this initiative; third, the particular situation in Taiwan about the practice of the Belt and Road. It is concluded that the institutionalization of this initiative in cross-regional cooperation will benefit the stable relations between China and neighbouring countries. Efforts should be made to prevent the practice of this initiative from being fragmented due to unstable factors such as crime, regional conflict, social protest, coup, etc. Last but not least, the Belt and Road should bring about positive effects on cross-strait relations and facilitate economic development, both on the mainland and in Taiwan. .
Mr Harish Kohli is the founder of the Asian Geographic Trust and founder and CEO of Awimaway.com. He is a retired, decorated officer of the Indian Army. For his contribution to exploration and adventure, he has received the Vishist Seva Medal and the National Adventure Award. His record-breaking expeditions include an 8,000 km adventure on foot, and later a 2,000 km cross-country ski-trek across the length of the Himalaya. As the author of Across the Frozen Himalaya, Harish provides first-hand experience of the dynamic changes in the Himalayas with regards to the environment, economy and culture.
Topic: Saving the Hindu Kush – Himalayas
Abstract: The Asia Pacific is arguably the most important region in the world in the 21st century. The rise of China and India and the continuing push for the strategically vital economic corridors through the Hindu Kush-Himalaya mean that it will remain of crucial significance to policymakers, scholars and the world at large. This talk will offer original thoughts on what is at stake and what we can do to save the Hindu Kush–Himalaya: the water towers of Asia and the repository of wildlife, culture and horticulture. And, can we save the region from further degradation, while bringing economic growth and sustainable peace?
Professor XU Baofeng, School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Beijing Language and Culture University, Outstanding Young Scientist Project of Beijing. Editor-in-chief of Asian Culture. Project Director of “Chinese Culture and Translation Studies Support Network” (CCTSS), “Mutual Translation Project of Philosophical and Cultural Classic Works from China and Latin America”, “The Best Books on China Written by Foreigners of the Silk Road Book Project”, “Chinese Culture Encyclopaedia” of Contemporary Chinese Works Translation Project, and “Translation and Dissemination Platform of Modern and Contemporary Chinese Literary Works” of Beijing Language and Culture University. Xu has long engaged in teaching and research in sinology, Chinese culture and poetics, and Confucian ethics and philosophy. Xu has offered courses to overseas students, undergraduate students and graduate students, including “Introduction to Literature”, “Chinese Culture”, “General Theory of Chinese Classics”, “Life Wisdom in Chinese Classics”, “Chinese Literature Studies in Sinology of North America”, “Chinese Culture and Poetics”, and others. In addition, Xu’s publications include 2 academic books, 2 volumes of ancient books, 4 textbooks, 1 publishing research report and more than 30 papers in academic journals.
Topic: Can Confucian Ethics Help in the Elimination of Global Unilateralism, Extremism and Terrorism Based on a Comparison Between Countries and Regions with and without Influence from Confucius Ethics?
Abstract: Confucian ethics is about emotions and relations. This can be seen in its mind-nature structure, where emotional and moral realms govern people’s behavior, and the social governance mode is characterized by balance and the Doctrine of the Mean. All these have significant influences on the “circle of Confucian culture” that covers China’s neighboring countries and regions. Moreover, it can be an antidote to the unilateralism, extremism and terrorism facing the contemporary world. To strengthen the bonds of culturally diverse countries along the Belt and Road Initiative, we can try to adopt the science-based rules of Confucian ethics to minimize the impact and influence of global unilateralism, extremism and terrorism.
Dr. Martin A. Mills is Senior Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, and Director of the Scottish Centre for Himalayan Research. Author of Identity, Ritual and State in Tibetan Buddhism: The Foundations of Authority in Gelukpa Monasticism (Routledge 2003) and more than 30 journal articles, his principal research focus is the anthropological study of Tibetan communities, in particular its religious and governmental institutions. Over the last 20 years, he has carried out fieldwork in Tibet, Ladakh, China, northern India and Scotland. He is a member of the International Association for Tibetan Studies and the International Association of Ladakh Studies, a member of the Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK and Commonwealth and a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute. Dr Mills is Secretary of the Cross-Party Group on Tibet within the Scottish Parliament and Chairman of the China Studies Group at Aberdeen. Prior to coming to Aberdeen, he taught anthropology at the School of African and Asian Studies at the University of Sussex, and at the Universities of St. Andrews and Edinburgh.
Topic: One Belt, One Road, One (warming) World: Climate Change Knowledge and the Future of Long-distance Infrastructure Developments
Abstract: In this presentation Dr Mills makes the compelling case for the growing need for Chinese leadership across key sectors of our global environmental governance regime, with specific reference to climate, oceans and wildlife conservation and the interaction of these key issues with environmental security, economic and social well-being and national, regional and global political stability. He highlights the potential to use Chinese economic and political strength, alongside its cultural reach and influence, its soft power, to drive change in the systems and structures of global environmental governance to support environmental sustainability and, through this, social and economic justice.
Chair and discussant: Professor Peter Schröder, Department of History and UCL European & International Social & Political Studies, University College London (see Panel IV)
Speakers: Hanns Maull, Hassan Abdullah Al-Dajah, Sophie Wushuang Yi, Alessio Patalano
Professor Hanns Maull, Senior Distinguished Fellow, German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Germany. He held the Chair of Foreign Policy and International Relations at the University of Trier in Germany until March 2013; since then, he has been teaching as Adjunct Professor of International Relations at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies Bologna Center. Educated in Munich and London, his career included positions at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London, professorial positions at the Universities of Munich, Eichstätt and Trier and a three-year spell as the European Secretary (now European Director) of the Trilateral Commission. From 2004 to 2012, he served as member of the Board and Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Council of the SWP. He has published extensively on the foreign policies of Germany, the EU and Japan, on regional security cooperation and regional order in Europe and Asia Pacific. His primary interest at present concerns the crises and mutations of international order and China’s changing position in it.
Topic: China to the Rescue? Its Role in International Peacekeeping and Peace-making
Abstract: Over the last decade, the PRC has substantially expanded its participation in the UN Peacekeeping Operations, including missions conducted in accordance with Chapter VII of the UN Charter. In principle, this is a welcome development. Since such missions are increasingly related to fragile, failing or even failed statehood, the role of China in such missions raises two complicating issues. First, China’s traditional emphasis on non-interference in the domestic affairs of other states may be inappropriate in situations of fragile statehood. Second, the alleged policy of non-interference does not necessarily correspond to the realities of China’s activities in target countries: like other powers, the PRC pursues strategies of building influence and may thus contribute to dysfunctional aspects of statehood.
Dr Hassan Abdullah Al-Dajah is Associate Professor, Department of Media and Strategic Studies, Faculty of Arts; former Head of Media and Strategic Studies Department, former Vice-Dean of Scientific Research, Editor-in-Chief of Al-Hussein Bin Talal University Journal for Research and Studies, at Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan. He was Visiting Professor as a researcher at the University Friedrich Schiller of Jena Germany. He was Visiting Professor to Nayef Arab University for Security Sciences. He is the pioneer of the contemporary theory of intellectual security and has published 15 books mainly in Arabic, including The Impact of Security Media on Youth (2015), Political Theory from Ancient Times to the Modern Era (2009), China's Role in the Decline of Unipolarity in International Politics (2010), The Implications of Globalization on National Sovereignty (2009), Jordanian Post-Global Society (2009), The Impact of Globalization on Arab Culture (2004), International Variables and Cultural Scenarios (2004), The Future of Arab Culture in a Changing World (2002) and dozens journal articles.
Topic: China's Role in Maintaining World Peacekeeping and Stability
Abstract: China's foreign policy and diplomacy are based on principles that promote peace, development and cooperation, and China has always adhered to the principle of independent foreign policy. China also opposes hegemony and seeks to maintain world peace. China is actively promoting a just and fair new international political and economic order. China is keen to establish and develop friendly and cooperative relations with all countries on the basis of the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-aggression, non-interference in internal affairs, equality, mutual benefit and peaceful coexistence. China also pursues a policy of all-round openness to the world beyond its borders. China actively participates in multilateral diplomatic activities and is a firm force for international and regional peace and stability.
China has pursued peaceful diplomacy. It calls for the establishment of a new international order based on justice, reform and fairness, rejects hegemony, calls for pluralism, mutual benefits for different civilizations in a shared future.
The success of China's diplomacy is based on the fact that it has always been keen to develop diplomatic relations and economic and cultural communication with the countries of the world, in keeping with the spirit of the UN Charter and the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence.
The ancient Chinese culture, which has 5,000 years of history, is the source of the wisdom of Chinese diplomacy, drawing also on the Chinese philosopher Confucius’ saying, ‘Do not do what you do not want others to do to you’. With this principle, China has made and will make new contributions to human progress and peace. Throughout history, China has not threatened its neighbours near or far and has pursued a peaceful and cooperative approach in its relations with countries.
The peaceful approach of China is a way to achieve self-development on the basis of maintaining and promoting world peace and development on the basis of peaceful settlement of disputes. In order to satisfy common interests, it is eager to overcome traditional stereotypes and rely on self-capacity and commitment to reform and creativity and the concept of scientific development to achieve comprehensive and integrated and sustainable development and build a harmonized socialist society in china.
China is now the largest contributor of peacekeepers of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. In September 2016, it provided $1 billion to help fund United Nations peace, security and development activities; while in 2018 it provided 10.3 percent of the United Nations peacekeeping budget, up from 3.93 per cent in 2012. In addition to its regular contributions to peacekeeping forces, it also created a rapid deployment force of 8,000 peacekeepers.
China, through its extensive participation in peacekeeping operations, aims not to compete with other countries, nor to seek hegemony and domination in the international field where it seeks to achieve security and stability regionally and internationally. This paper will deal with the following themes: 1. Principles of Chinese foreign policy; 2. China's leading role in peacekeeping; 3. Chinese models and contributions to global peacekeeping.
Ms Sophie Wushuang Yi is a PhD student at the Lau China Institute, King’s College London. Her research interests lie primarily in the area of strategic studies, international relations and military studies, in particular concentrating on contemporary China. Prior to this, she read China in Comparative Perspectives and graduated with an MSc from the London School of Economics and Political Science. She also completed the Graduate Diploma in Economics at SOAS and BSc International Politics Security Studies from the University of Sheffield. She was the internal secretary of the British Postgraduate Network for Chinese Studies (2018-2019), and is current PhD lead (2019-2020) of the Lau China Institute, King's College London.
Topic: The Strategic Role of the People’s Liberation Army in the Context of China’s Militarization and Peaceful Rise Strategy (2001-2019)
Abstract: The Chinese military has indeed developed and modernised drastically in the last decades, the previously provocative hegemonic behaviour of the United States is now constrained due to China’s growing military power projection capabilities. The strategic stance of China has been shifted from inward active defense to strategic confrontation under the current paramount leader of China, Xi Jingping, given the contemporary Chinese military hardware is now capable of long-range active defense through its militarisation. The talk will discuss the internationalised role of the PLA, which is subject to the two primary constraints, CCP’s regime security, and the international context, at least in the foreseeable future.
Dr Alessio Patalano, Reader in East Asian Warfare and Security, Programme Director, King’s Japan Programme, Deputy Director, Undergraduate Programme in War Studies, Department of War Studies, King's College London. He specializes in Japanese naval history and strategy and contemporary maritime issues in East Asia. He is Director of the Asian Security and Warfare Research Group and Research Associate at the King’s China Institute. He holds degrees from the University of Naples (BA) and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (DEA). Since 2006, He has been Visiting Lecturer in Naval Strategy and East Asian Security at the Italian Naval War College (ISMM), Venice. In Japan, he has been a Visiting Scholar at Aoyama Gakuin University and at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), both in Tokyo, and is currently Adjunct Fellow at the Institute of Contemporary Asian Studies, Temple University Japan. His recent publications include: Days of Future Past? British Strategy and the Shaping of Indo-Pacific Security (2019), Postwar Japan as a Seapower: Imperial Legacy, Wartime Experience, and the Making of a Navy (2016).
Topic: Protecting Overseas Rights and Interests: The Changing Face of Chinese Participation in Multilateral Operations at Sea
Abstract: The talk reviews the remarkable widening of operational activities undertaken by the PLA naval arm over the past decade and a half. In a context where transnational challenges to maritime stability emerged within and beyond the boundaries of the Asia Pacific, the PLA naval force joined the international community in tackling various crises – notably the context of counterpiracy operations. For a decade, the Chinese navy has become an active participant in multinational activities. However, as the country’s overseas rights and interests widen, the navy’s responsibility may expand as well. How will this expansion of responsibilities relate to past multilateral experience? The talk will seek to highlight opportunities and challenges for a navy projected to operate increasingly more on a global scale.
Chair and discussant: Professor Hanns Maull, Senior Distinguished Fellow, German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Germany (see Panel III)
Speakers: Peter Schröder, Qing Cao, HUAN Pingqing, Xiangqun Chang and Joël Ruet
Peter Schröder is Professor of the History of Political Thought at University College London. He was awarded an MA (1995) and PhD (1999) from Philipps University Marburg, Germany, before he joined UCL in 2001. He was visiting professor at universities in Seoul, Rome and Paris and held numerous senior research fellowships, among others at the Max Weber Center for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies at the University of Erfurt, the Institute for Advanced Studies at Central European University Budapest and the Center for Advanced Studies of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts. He is an active member of the editorial board of the book series Staatsdiskurse at Steiner Verlag Stuttgart, of the European Society for the History of Political Thought and of the research network: Natural Law 1625-1850. An International Research Project. He has published widely on the history of political thought. Recent publications include a monograph on Trust in Early Modern International Political Thought, 1598-1713 (Ideas in Context 116), Cambridge University Press 2017, as well as two edited volumes: German Translation and Edition of T. Hobbes, Behemoth or the Long Parliament (Meiner Verlag), Hamburg 2015 and German Translation and Edition of R. Filmer, Patriarcha (Meiner Verlag) Hamburg 2019.
Topic: The Other as Hope, Fear, Challenge or Opportunity: Images of China in Early Modern Perceptions
Abstract: In the early modern period China assumed enormous significance in the European mindset. This was due to increasingly expanding trade relations, as well as to philosophical, literary and political writings which explored the imaginations of China. These writings created an imagery that developed its own dynamic and considerably shaped the perceptions of early modern Europeans in China. My paper will analyse key writings of this process. It will assess how such a (partly imaginary) relationship with a different culture affected considerations about (trade) competition or even war and peace. The European system had developed a sophisticated body of international law, based on concrete legal and political norms as well as cautious trust in the other European actors to adhere to them. How was China seen in this international framework? Did these European writings produce stereotypes, or did they help to develop a better understanding of Chinese culture and politics? What were the intentions of these writings? These are the leading questions of my proposed paper.
Dr Qing Cao is Associate Professor, School of Modern Languages and Cultures, Durham University, UK. His research interests centre on interactions between culture, society and the mass media, with a focus on perceptions and representation between China and the West. Currently he is working on a research project that looks at representations of cultural traditions and modernity in the early 20th century Chinese press. He is interested in how language changes reflect new formations of cultural and political identities. He has published over 20 journal articles and is editor of China under Western Gaze: Representing China in the British Television Documentaries, 1980-2000 (2014), the first book-length study of the subject in the pivotal years of 1980-2000.
Topic: Traditional Chinese Culture and its Contemporary Relevance: For the Achievement and Maintenance of Peace
Abstract: There are three fundamental relationships that humanity has to manage well for survival – the relationship between members of a community, the relationship between humans and nature and the relationship between an individual and himself/herself. At the centre of these relationships is peace – peace within the community, with the physical environment and with the human inner self. Over the millennia, China developed three cultural and religious traditions to deal with each of them. Confucianism focuses on social harmony among members of the community. Taoism calls attention to the imperative of respecting the cosmic natural ‘Way’ as a guide for human survival. Buddhism underscores the regulation of human desires as a condition for a fulfilled life. In our modern world, these traditional repertoires of values have the potential to help us cope with new challenges by improving these three relationships. Maintaining peace within and between communities, countries and civilizations, and peace with the physical environment and human mental world are of paramount importance. At the social level, peace could be achieved by developing a constructive social relationship, including a global society. Environmental issues could be resolved by restoring a full respect for Mother Nature as a natural philosophy. Excessive capitalism could be tackled by controlling unhealthy human desires. The first step in meeting these challenges, however, is education – how we can best teach younger generations to appreciate the value of elements of all cultural heritages that have proved to be beneficial to achieving peace, happiness and prosperity, not only for our local community but the global community in our shared but shrinking planet earth.
Dr HUAN Pingqing is Associate Professor in Sociology, School of Sociology and Population Studies, Renmin University of China. Research interests are urban and rural sociology, social capital, ethnic studies, nationalism and national identity. Major publications include Social Capital and Rural Community Development: Theoretical Consciousness and the Exploration of Chinese Sociology (2018), Research on Basic Theories of Social Management and Social Governance (co-author, 2014), A Case Study of Gong Village in the Northwest of China (2008), and more than 40 journal articles.
Topic: Confucius' Thoughts on Ethnic Relations and their Significance for World Peace
Abstract: Although Europe and China have the same territory, the historical process and result of their development are quite different. Today Europe is divided into many nation-states and the ideals and practices of the EU face severe challenges, while China is a relatively unified and single country. The value of Chinese culture has undoubtedly played an important role in the formation of a unified China and Chinese nation, and Confucius’ thoughts are at the core of the Chinese cultural spirit. When it comes to Confucius’ thoughts on ethnic relations, many people believe that Confucius was limited by the time he lived in and had a strong sense of ethnic and cultural discrimination. This is based on their misunderstanding about the words “Yidi zhi you jun, bu ru zhu xia zhi wu ye” in the Analects of Confucius. In fact, during the Spring and Autumn period, there were mass migration and great integration of people of all ethnic groups, and Confucius had a high degree of cultural consciousness, taking a rational, conscious and cautious attitude towards the “Hua yi zhi bian” that prevailed at that time. He rarely talked about “Yidi” in a discriminatory manner. Confucius advocated that all students should be taught equally regardless of race, all people belong to one family, a shared world of Huayi, and be in great harmony with the world. These ideals showed that Confucius valued the way of social operation and the trend of ethnic integration . Confucius had no narrow concept of race and ethnicity, and transcended ethnic and cultural divisions . These ideals have been the spiritual foundation for integrating all ethnic groups into the Chinese nation for more than two thousand years. The Communist Party of China inherited and carried forward Confucius’ thoughts on ethnic relations, established and consolidated the values of equality, unity, mutual assistance and harmony among all ethnic groups in China, and continues to broad-cast the consciousness of the Chinese nation as a community. It has committed itself to building a community with a shared future for humankind. In an era when the world is embroiled in disputes because of conflicts of interests and values, and global governance is facing severe challenges, Confucius’ thoughts on ethnic relations are undoubtedly of great significance for world peace. We urgently need “Confucius in the new era”
Professor Xiangqun Chang FRSA, President of Global China Institute, and Honorary Professor of University College London, UK. Her publications include On Marxist Sociology (580,000 words; 2018; 460,000 words, 1992), Guanxi or Li shang wanglai? -- Reciprocity, Social Support Networks, & Social Creativity in a Chinese Village (simplified Chinese version, 540,000 words, 2009; English and traditional Chinese versions, 2010); editor of Society Building -- A China Model of Social Development (English edition, 2014; English new edition, Chinese new editions, 2014-18); co-editor of Fei Xiaotong Studies (three volumes, in English and Chinese, 2015-18). In her research she has been developing a general analytical concept – ‘recipropriety’ (互适), the mechanism by which Chinese society and Chinese social relations operate, thereby contributing to existing theories of reciprocity, social exchange, interaction, relatedness, social networks and social capital with characteristics of ‘ritual capital’. She was marked out by the Academic Presidents of the International Sociological Association (ISA) as one of 15 sociologists in the world who ’called upon to adapt the discipline to the upheavals of the twenty-first century’. She is also Editor of the Journal of China in Comparative Perspective (English and Chinese editions), Editor-in-chief of the Global Century Press where she is editor for a number of book series, such as "Globalization of Chinese Social Science", "Chinese Concepts", "Understanding China and the World", "Global China Dialogue Proceedings" , and co-editor of "Transcultural Experiences with ‘Three Eyes’”.
Topic: Fei Xiaotong's View on Civilization and Peace and Its Influence: An analysis based on the corpus of "Fei Xiaotong's Complete Works" (20 volumes)
Abstract: After the post-dialogue workshop on Corpus Approaches to Chinese Social Science (CACSS) in 2016, Global China Institute has been promoting the “CACSS method”, inspirited by the ESRC Centre of Corpus Approaches to Social Science (CASS) at Lancaster University. In order to commemorate the 110th anniversary of the birth of Professor Fei Xiaotong (Fei Hsiao-Tung 1910-2005), the famous sociologist, anthropologist, social activist and senior Chinese political leader, a Corpus of Fei Xiaotong’s Complete Works (20 volumes) has been created. In his completed work Fei Xiaotong used the word civilization 725 times, and peace 593 times. This talk will analyse them and tackle the following questions: what are Fei’ views of civilization and peace? How did they develop, and what are their implications for China's academic and policy research? What is significance do they have for the current promotion of world peace?
Dr Joël Ruet, President of The Bridge Tank, economist, adviser, influencer in industry, policy and economic diplomacy to governments in China, India, France and West and North Africa. The Bridge Tank is a Member of the Think20 Group of the G20. Joël Ruet is a specialist in emerging policies in China, India and West Africa and author of eight books, a regular contributor to Le Monde, Courrier and France 24. He is an Alumni of Ecole des Mines – Paris Tech and the London School of Economics. Former Visiting Fellow, Centre for China in the World Economy. He is a regular at the World Economic Forum Davos and the Club des Ambassadeurs Quai d’Orsay Paris. He serves as Orientation Board Member of Green Cross France, Mikhail Gorbachev’s NGO and a Board Member of Manav Sadhan Vikas Sansthan, a vocational training programme, the NGO of a Cabinet Minister in the Government of India. For a decade, Joël Ruet has advised Fortune 500 companies and private equity funds in energy and nuclear, automotive, agriculture and mining industries at CEO/CFO level in India, China and Africa. He was a member of Dominique Strauss Kahn’s economic team in the French presidential race 2006 and member of “Ideas Lab” for Mrs Martine Aubry in 2011 and several presidential elections in Africa. He served as Special Adviser to the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Equipment, Government of Senegal.
Topic: Chinese Perspectives on Ecological Civilization and their Relevance for Sustainability for Peace
Abstract: President XI Jinping and the Communist Party of China introduced the concept – intended to become practice – of ecological civilization. On the eve of the Conference of the Parties (COP) for biodiversity chaired by China and after the second Belt and Road Summit expressed a wish for greening of the Initiative, this talk seeks to examine the sources and global relevance of ‘ecological civilization’. More specifically, it draws from sources varying from written sources (President XI’s Zhejiang experience, Governance of China, and the report to the 19th congress), currently undergoing industrial modernization in various provinces in China, the state of global debates on environment as a global common good, and proposes considering the establishment of a ‘green peace fund’ to chime with global governance proposals currently being put forward by leaders for peace.
Chair: Martin Albrow (see Opening session)
A brief report - Global Century Press (10 minutes):
Mrs Ingrid Cranﬁeld, BA (Syd.), PGCE, QTLS, MSET, FRGS, LLG (Enfield), Deputy Director of Global China Institute, President and Principal Editor of Global Century Press; former Deputy Mayor of the Borough of Enfield. As an author, editor, translator and lecturer, her career began at the Royal Geographical Society, which holds the largest private map library in the world, accessioning maps and advising researchers and writers. She is the author of 13 books and has edited thousands of books, articles and other works, in print and online. She was a Senior Editor on The Dictionary of Art (Macmillan Publishers). She taught English to college students, was a lecturer and supervisor of trainee teachers and is a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Hertfordshire. She has been a school governor in London for over 30 years and is a member of the International Commission on Couple and Family Relations.
A list of book titles (to be announced)
Closing remarks: ZHAO Kejin and Martin Jacques
Professor ZHAO Kejin, Heard of Department of International Relations, Deputy Dean of School of Social Sciences; Deputy Dean of the Institute for Global Common Development, Tsinghua University, China. He received a PhD in International Relations from Fudan University. His academic positions include Expert Committee Member of the Regional and Country Study Bases of the Ministry of Education, Council Member of the Chinese People's Association for Peace and Disarmament, Deputy Council Member of the Academy of International Politics among Chinese Higher Education Institutions, senior researcher at the Charhar Institute, Expert Committee Member of the One Belt One Road 100, Visiting Professor at the Institute of Public Diplomacy of Jilin University, Associate Editorial Director for Public Diplomacy Quarterly, and a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Political Marketing. In 2012, he was named among Intellectuals of the New Century by the Ministry of Education. In 2015, He was listed as Featured Professionals in Four Groups by the Beijing Municipality. His main fields of interest are diplomacy studies, public diplomacy and China-US relations. His book publications include Building the Future: An Interpretation of the System of the US Congress Lobby (2006), The Study of China's International Relations Theory (2008), Theory and Practice of Public Diplomacy (2007), Global Civil Society and Nation States (2008), among others. He has also published more than 120 articles in SSCI and CSSCI listed journals. He has won many prizes at ministerial and provincial level.
Topic: China’s Approach to Global Peace: Exploration of the Communist Party of China
Abstract: Peace is not only a great thought but also countless solid actions. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Communist Party of China has made unremitting efforts to strive for and maintain world peace. China has proposed various ‘China solutions’, including the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, the Path of Peaceful Development, the Win-Win strategy of opening up, harmony in diversity, a harmonious world, a new type of international relations and a community of human destiny. Through these processes, China has accumulated rich diplomatic experience and exerted profound influence in the world. It is essential to place ‘China solutions’ in the panorama of CPC’s practices in pursuit of peace to understand the full picture and clear logic behind them, especially if looking at the UN peacekeeping mechanism. Although the UN peacekeeping operation was not originally proposed by China, China's peacekeeping actions strongly reflect China's understandings of peace. China actively proposes an approach for peacekeeping operations with distinctive Chinese characteristics.
Professor Martin Jacques is a British journalist, editor, academic, political commentator and author. He is also senior fellow at the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge and holder of many Visiting Professorships in Japan, Singapore, USA and China. He was visiting research fellow at the London School of Economics (2003-2012), the first chair of Demos’s advisory council (1993-7) and a trustee (1993-2000), Editor of Marxism Today (1977-1991) and a lecturer in social and economic history at the University of Bristol (1971-1977) after graduating from the University of Cambridge. Most of Jacques's writings have appeared in the form of magazine or newspaper articles, editorials in Marxism Today and lectures. He co-edited and co-authored the Forward March of Labour Halted? (1981), Politics of Thatcherism (1983), New Times (1989) and Wrong (1998) and has contributed essays to many other books. He is the author of the global bestseller When China Rules the World: The End of the Western World and the Birth of a New Global Order (2012, 2009).
Topic: What Will China Be Like as a Great Power?: Causes for Optimism
Abstract: There is a widespread assumption in the West that China will, as a great power, be like the US (or the UK before) but worse. I think this is quite wrong. China is very different, for historical and cultural reasons, from both, and therefore it will be a very different kind of great power. While the US and the UK placed great emphasis on military power, China historically has not. The tribute system, for example, was primarily a cultural rather than military (or even economic) system: compared with the European colonial systems. Or, to take a more contemporary example, China’s rise has been remarkably peaceful in contrast to those of the US, UK, France, Germany or Japan before. So what will China be like as a great power?
Chair: Professor Hugo de Burgh
Professor Hugo de Burgh is the Director of the China Media Centre and Professor of Journalism in the Communications and Media Research Institute of the University of Westminster. He worked for 15 years in British TV and is an authority on investigative journalism. His books and articles on China and its media have been published widely. He is writer-presenter of The West You Don’t Know, a seven-part documentary series which was the first commission by CCTV of foreign-made current affairs programmes. He is the author or editor of 10 books; his most recent books are: China’s Media in the Emerging World Order (2017) and (co-edited) China’s Media Go Global (2018). Earlier books include The West You Really Don’t Know (in Chinese, 2013), China’s Environment and China’s Environment Journalists (2012) and Investigative Journalism (2nd Edition, 2008). He is Professor at Tsinghua University, and was SAFEA (National Administration for International Expertise) Endowment Professor.
Welcome: Dame Sue Owen DCB
Dame Sue Owen DCB is a former British civil servant, economist and former academic. She served as the Permanent Secretary for the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (2013-2019) and was Director-General for Welfare and Wellbeing at the Department for Work and Pensions (2009-2013). She was the Foreign Office's Counsellor for Economic Affairs and head of the economics section at the British Embassy in Washington, DC (1999-2002). After graduating from the University of Cambridge，prior to a 30-year career in Whitehall, Dame Sue was an academic lecturer and researcher at Cardiff University and the London School of Economics, where she studied women in the labour market from 1979 until 1988.
Speakers: Yu Hongjun, LI Wei and Xiangqun Chang
Dr Yu Hongjun is an expert on international issues. Former Vice Minister of the Ministry of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (IDCPC), and Director of the Center for Contemporary World Studies; former Ambassador of China to Uzbekistan, and member of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. He is currently the Vice Chairman of the Chinese People's Association for Peace and Disarmament (CPAPD). He has obtained a MA from Northeast Normal University and a PhD from Renmin University of China, and was a Senior Visiting Fellow at Rostov University in Don River, Russia. He is currently an adjunct professor at the PLA National Defence University, the National School of Administration, Renmin University of China, Beijing Normal University, Jilin University, University of International Business and Economics, and Jinan University. He is also Senior Specialist or Senior Consultant at the Academy of Contemporary World and China Studies, Beijing Belt & Road Cooperative Community (BRCC), and the Chahar Institute. He is the author of Working with the World: How China Deals with the Outside World (2019).
Professor LI Wei FAcSS FRSA, is Chair of Applied Linguistics and Director of the UCL Centre for Applied Linguistics at the UCL Institute of Education, University College London. His main research interest is in the broad area of bilingualism and multilingualism, which includes bilingual and multilingual first-language acquisition (BAMFLA), early second-language acquisition (ESLA), speech and language disorders of bilingual and multilingual speakers, the pragmatics of codeswitching, bilingual education and intercultural communication. His current work focuses on the creativity and criticality of multilingual speakers. He is also interested in Asian philosophies (especially Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist philosophies) and linguistic pragmatics, the concept of ‘self’ in different cultures and the application of Conversation Analysis to intercultural and cross-lingual professional communication. His research interests connect with other disciplines and research areas, including diaspora studies, cultural memory, anthropology, qualitative psychology and cognitive science. Professor Li is Principal Editor of the International Journal of Bilingualism (Sage) and Applied Linguistics Review (De Gruyter), Co-editor of Chinese Language and Discourse (Benjamins) and Global Chinese (De Gruyter) and book series editor for the Guides to Research Methods in Language and Linguistics (Wiley-Blackwell), Contemporary Applied Linguistics (Bloomsbury) and Language Policies and Practices in China (De Gruyter).
Professor Xiangqun Chang (see Panel IV)
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